Sample Essay on China Energy Consumption
Judging by the rapid economic growth that China has experienced in the recent years, its energy consumption must have also steadily increased. Considering the fact that it is also the most populous country in the world, it is beyond doubt that it is a key energy consumer and producer globally. In fact, it has quickly risen to become one of the top ranking energy consumers globally. China had become very influential in the world energy markets today due to its rapidly increasing demand in liquid fuels among other energy sources.
In 2010, China was named as the largest energy consumer in the world. Besides, it was also listed as the largest net importer of crude oil and petroleum products in the world in 2009.
According to the projection released by the US Energy Information Administration, China will surpass the United States of America as the largest importer of oil by 2014. In 2013, the growth in oil consumption in China accounted for a third of the world’s oil consumption growth. The same results are projected in 2014, making China a force to reckon with when it comes to energy consumption.
The use of natural gas in China has also experienced a massive increase in the recent years. To even bring this into perspective, the country is seeking to raise its natural gas imports through pipeline and liquefied natural gas. China is also the top consumer, producer and importer of coal. In fact, the country accounts for almost half of the total amount of coal that is being consumed globally. It is as a result of coal that China rose to become the world’s energy producer in 2007. Besides, it was also listed as the world’s largest power generator in 2011; all statistics pointing towards the increased energy consumption in China.
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In 2011, coal accounted for the largest share of the total energy consumed in China followed by oil at 69% and 18% respectively. Other energy sources like natural gas, nuclear power and renewable account for very dismal units when it comes to energy consumption at only 4%, 1% and another !% respectively. However, the Chinese government has embarked on a program that aims at capping the use of coal to below65% of the total primary energy consumption by the year 2017. This is aimed at reducing heavy air pollution that has been experienced in most parts of the country in the recent years.
In China’s 12th Five-year plan, the country looks forward to raise the consumption of non-fossil fuel energy to about 15% of the total energy mix by the year 2020. This is aimed at easing the ‘over-dependence’ of the country on coal while at the same time enhancing environment sustainability. However, it is expected that there is going to be a significant increase essayservicewriter in coal consumption by more than 50% over the forecast period; a trend that reflects the large growth in the total energy consumption in China.
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