Biology Paper Guide Tips

Abbreviations have to be used consistently throughout the whole document. When using an abbreviation for the first time, it has to be defined in the text. If a large number of abbreviations is used, an abbreviation list in alphabetical order is required. Only generally accepted or known abbreviations like “USA” do not have to be defined. Symbols also need to be defined. A definition should be given in the according chapter before the symbol is used for the first time, and all symbols should also be presented in an alphabetically ordered list of symbols at the beginning of the document. It is of particular importance to use variables and parameters consistently, also throughout different chapters. Furthermore, every symbol has to be given a unique meaning (no double usage of the same symbol for different things, but also not two different symbols for the same thing), and hence should be used only for one specific content. This document provides a guideline for writing an academic thesis or coursework at the Institute for Operations Research and Information Systems (ORIS). It can also serve as an example of accurate formatting. In general, scientific writing means to deal with a clearly defined subject in a detailed and self-contained way. The current state of the art should be analysed and presented and, if required, the student’s work then has to continue from this point of knowledge.

OK, that seems like a pretty reasonable timeline…. so what went wrong? Well, everything went well up to a point. One thing that I did right was to start the literature review early. As it turned out, I worked on the literature review right up till the last draft. This, I found out later, is typical. You should therefore plan on it. Another smart thing that I did was build in time to learn about a type of morphological data that I really hadn’t spent much time on before (the ASU dental traits). This took a lot longer than I really thought it would. In most cases you are going to be learning a new technique, methodology, etc. for your thesis research. You need to factor this in to your time allocation. The last smart things that I did were to take some time to prepare a systematic form to record data and perform a “pilot study” to really learn how to collect the ASU trait information and “hone” my data collection techniques. I was quite pessimistic with my time (notice I gave myself 9 months to do this), but as it turned out, I needed all of that time. I found out about half-way through the pilot study that I was actually collecting the data incorrectly. I had to go back and redo everything that I had done up to that point. I encountered a similar problem during the actual data collection. So instead of finishing data collection in January, I actually finished in early March.

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